Cooperation between source and destination countries of THB for labour exploitation is essential because of the cross-border nature of THB for labour exploitation. By working together, source and destination countries will be able to tackle the whole trafficking network, instead of just part of it in one country.
For investigators to identify the perpetrators and their facilitators involved at various stages in various countries, including transit countries, they need to share information. This means information on the whole process of THB for labour exploitation, from recruitment to employment. Cross-border cooperation against THB for labour exploitation therefore also needs to be multidisciplinary.
Coordination and structured cooperation
Labour inspectorates, police forces and border forces may for example all have information that is relevant to a cross-border case. To tackle a case of THB for labour exploitation, it could be useful to coordinate inspections, investigative activities or border controls.
Labour inspectorates, police forces, NGOs and other relevant organisations in the member states often cooperate on a case-by case basis when it comes to THB for labour exploitation. It could be worthwhile to create a more structured basis for this cooperation. This may increase its effectiveness and send a signal to traffickers that officials like labour inspectors and police officers are prepared to cross borders to tackle cases.
Prevention, including awareness activities, also needs cooperation between authorities of both countries of origin and destination. The support to a victim should not end when they have returned home.