Residence status of a victim
Residence status can play an important part in trafficking situations. If someone is in the country illegally, this could be a sign of THB for labour exploitation. Traffickers can abuse a lack of legal residency to keep the victim under control. For example, they could threaten them with being forcibly removed from the country. Traffickers may also abuse legal ways of entering the country to bring in victims.
Multidisciplinary and cross-border cooperation
Regarding the residence status of the victim (at the time of trafficking), migration services, labour inspectorates and NGOs could:
Maintain clarity on the organisation’s role
A combination of an irregular migration status and illegal employment may make people vulnerable for trafficking. Cooperation between migration services and labour inspectorates could therefore be useful and improve effectiveness. When they carry out combined inspections, their respective roles should be clear, or it may hinder the identification of victims.
For migrants, the differences between types of authorities may not be clear: they may confuse immigration control, labour inspection and the role of the police. As a result, a victim may be unwilling to make contact and to report, for fear of expulsion from the country. Therefore, it is important that the aims of a joined inspection are made clear towards the migrants. NGOs could inform the agencies involved why this clarity is important from the migrant’s perspective.
The Danish Agency for International Recruitment and Integration (SIRI), for example, participates in checks of employers and employees during company visits. They cooperate with other Danish authorities, such as the Working Environment Authority and the Tax Authority. These checks take place as part of two types of activities called Social Dumping and Joint Authority Effort. SIRI assists the police by checking the alien’s residence and work permit, and guides employers on the rules. SIRI does not have the authority to perform inspections on immigration alone. It therefore takes part only in actions where the Danish police participates. If SIRI finds that an alien is employed without the right to work, the Danish police will take over the investigation.
Require diplomats’ household staff to come to the MFA in person
To prevent private servants in the households of diplomats from becoming victims of THB for labour exploitation, the Ministry of Foreign Affairs (MFA), NGOs and the police could work together. The MFA could make issuing permits or visa for staff of diplomats’ households conditional on the staff coming to the MFA office in person for a meeting. At these meetings, information leaflets on labour rights and contact details of police and NGOs could be provided.
Prepare information leaflets
NGOs and police could support the MFA in preparing such information leaflets aimed at staff of diplomatic households.
Share knowledge of signs with relevant MFA staff
NGOs and police could share their knowledge with the MFA staff involved to increase detection rates.
Specific information for organisations
The following three organisations have specific information about residence status of a victim: