Training for local governments
Local or regional governments could for example train:
- officials who inspect construction sites or industrial areas
- officials who provide social benefits
- and civil servants working at registration desks.
Train officials responsible for inspections of construction sites or industrial areas
In some countries, local or regional governments are responsible for inspecting building or environmental permits, for example on construction sites or industrial areas. These local governments could consider training the civil servants responsible to detect signs of THB for labour exploitation.
Train officials responsible for providing social benefits to recognise signs of fraud
In some member states, local governments are responsible for the provision of social benefits. Traffickers sometimes combine THB for labour exploitation with benefit fraud, by applying for benefits in the name of their victim. Benefit fraud could for example be detected when there are multiple applications for benefits at one address. This could be a sign of THB. The organisations responsible could therefore consider training the civil servants in charge of the application process for social benefits to recognise these signs.
Train civil servants at the registration desk
Depending on the legislation in the member states, people may have to register their address at a municipal office when they move to that municipality. People may also need to visit a municipal office when they need a new identification document or driving license. The civil servants working at the (registration) desks come into direct contact with the people who need to register. That means they could come into contact with a possible victim. Therefore, it is important that they know how to spot signs and what they should do. A list or card containing the signs to keep behind the counter could be useful.
First-level identification of possible victims
In 2011, the EuroTrafGuid project started, led by France, in cooperation with Spain, Greece, Romania, Bulgaria and The Netherlands. The objective of this project was the development of common guidelines and procedures in the first-level identification of possible victims.
The material developed could be very useful in raising awareness and training of civil servants and also of politicians, for example the Mayor or City Councils. The EuroTrafGuID ‘Practical tool for first level identification of victims of human trafficking for labour exploitation’ is available online, in seven languages.